A professionally planted forest is an important ecological factor and a source of valuable wood. This job requires specific knowledge and skills. Only a high-quality forest sapling, in the right place and correctly planted, can grow rapidly and become a healthy, mature tree.
Forest restoration or planting must be supported by a "forest restoration and planting" project, which clearly and consistently outlines the entire process of replanting or planting. The project describes: soil preparation, type and need of plantings, planting methods and deadlines. Projects should be prepared only by foresters with practical experience who know all forestry cycles and their specifics.
When reforesting after clear-cutting, it is important to properly prepare the soil. It is necessary to understand the physical and chemical properties of the soil, the moisture regime. Taking into account the local conditions, the growths of soft leaves and bushes must be destroyed, grasses must be removed, and centers of pests and diseases must be destroyed. Removing all obstacles not only creates the right conditions for trees to take root and grow, but also reduces the need for maintenance of plantations in the future.
The success of forest restoration or planting is determined by the selection of plantings, planting time, method, depth, tools used and the professionalism of the planters. The place for each seedling is selected individually, taking into account the variation in soil fertility, the exposure of the slopes, and other environmental factors. Only properly planted trees will become a great forest in the future.
According to the laws in force in Lithuania, the owner of the forest is obliged not only to replant the clearing, but also to maintain the plantations for the next 20 years. Maintenance of plantations after reforestation is divided into two stages: grass cutting and the development of young trees.
Grass cutting is the first stage of plant care. From cutting down the forest to its replanting, 2-3 years often pass, during which various herbaceous vegetation and soft leaves grow in the cut-down area, which overshadows the planted trees in the first year. Therefore, it is important to carry out grass cutting for 2-3 years after felling, until the target tree species outgrow the grass and it loses its shading properties. In the first year, while the saplings or saplings are small, the utmost care and attention of the workers is important in order to preserve the precious trees and avoid repeated expenses for the forest owner.
Youth development works are usually carried out in the 5-6, 9-10 and 15-18 years of growth, after forest planting works (provided that the removal of stunted grass has been carried out for several years before that). The main goal of growing young trees is to form the desired stand density and its species composition. During felling, trees, bushes and other vegetation that overshadow the target species are removed, and the required stand density is formed. Trees that grow too densely have good growth in height, but little growth in diameter. Such trees are not resistant to the influence of wind and snow, so windbreaks and snowbreaks are more common in excessively dense stands. Wind and wet snow damage to young trees can be extremely costly, especially in the first 10-20 years of growth. Professionally cultivated trees grow faster, accumulate more biomass, branch less, grow straighter and healthier. A well-maintained forest is more valuable.
Forest care is a difficult job that requires skills and knowledge and should be entrusted to professionals. We have gathered the best team of experts in Lithuania who know this work, whose many years of experience in European forests can ensure that you will get the greatest possible benefit from your forest in the future.
Protection of plantations
Autumn is a time not only for planting, mowing or growing grass, but also for protecting plants and greenery. During cold and snowy winters, ungulates usually damage pine, fir, oak and acorn plantations. Only properly and timely applied mechanical (individual constructions, fences) and biopreparative (repellents) protective measures can preserve the target tree species. In our work, we use only nature-friendly repellents, which consist of a filler of mechanical particles consisting of quartz sand and natural silicate mineral.
Effective protection of meadows and vegetation requires knowledge and experience. Our experienced foresters will choose the right protection measures and make sure that you get a mature forest with as little damage as possible.